Nowadays everyone wants to decorate their house with good looking and attractive things and equipment. Installation of water softener plant can help you with this. Water Softener is a powerful weapon which removes the salts of Calcium (ca2+) and Magnesium (Mg2+) from the hard water to produces soft water.
Soft water contains a low concentration of Calcium & Magnesium salt as compared to the hard water. Hard water makes cleaning of the house very hard because the salts present in the water get deposited on the tiles and the mirror and makes it ugly. A water softener not only helps you in cleaning but also protect you from the various skin diseases and continuous hair fall.
It provides proper cleaning such as shinier and cleaner glassware, tiles, mirror, and etc.
Nourish your skin and hair
Provides you Proper laundry
Save your electricity bill
Reduces the usages of soap, detergent, and shampoo
Increase the life of the equipment such as water heater, boiler, coffee maker, and others.
Hard water! You must be heard about it but do you what is hard water and how it is harmful to your health. When the concentration of Calcium and Magnesium salts increase in the water, it converts the water into hard water. Hard water is not suitable for the drinking purpose because of the salts of Calcium and magnesium present in drinking water disturb the digestion and body organ functions which can lead to serious illness.
Hard water is not only harmful to the drinking purpose but also for the bathing. The hard water makes your skin dry and causes hair fall. Dryness of skin leads to many skin diseases such as eczema.
Calcium and Magnesium present in the hard water blocks the foaming capacity of the detergent and soap. So hard water also causes a problem in the washing of clothes, cleaning of tiles & floors, and etc. Hard water leaves the water spot on the clothes and tiles. Hard water also damages your equipment and plumbing system because of the salts of the calcium and magnesium get deposited on it and damage the working and function of the equipment.
People think that higher the TDS value means higher the hardness but it is not correct. TDS is defined as the total concentration of the dissolved substance in the water. TDS includes both organic and inorganic matter. Hard water doesn't become hard in nature due to the higher TDS value but it is due to the higher concentration of calcium and magnesium salts. A water softener doesn't reduce the TDS level it only replaces the salts of calcium and magnesium from the water with sodium salts.
On the basis of TDS water is classified into four groups. These are Freshwater, Brackish water, Saline water, and Hyper-saline water. TDS is measured in ppm i.e. part per million or milligram per unit volume of water i.e. mg/L.
Freshwater- TDS level is less than or equal to the 500 ppm
Brackish water- TDS level of brackish water is about 500-30,000 ppm
Saline water- TDS of saline water is around 30,000 to 40,000 ppm
Hyper-saline water- TDS level is greater than 40,000 ppm
On the basis of uses, the water softener is of three types such as domestic, commercial, and industrial water softener plant. But on the basis of used technology water softener is of several types. Read and find all types of the water softener.
A water softener is of different types and all of them uses different technology to removes the salts of the calcium and magnesium. These are Ion Exchange, salt-free, electromagnetic, and double tank water softener system.
These types of a water softener are based on the resin beads which contains sodium. When the water containing salts of calcium and magnesium comes in contact with the resin the sodium leaves the resin and enters in the water and the calcium and magnesium leaves the water and gets associated with the resin. This process is known as ion exchange that is why it is called an ion exchange water softener. When the resin gets low in sodium ions, more sodium ions are added into the resin which is called as charging of the resin. Ion exchange provides sufficient water softening solution.
This types of water softener don't use sodium to removes calcium and magnesium. It is based on the potassium ions so if anyone is concern about the sodium then salt-free water softener treatment system is best for them.
This form of water softener uses electromagnetic force to eliminate the calcium and magnesium salts from the water. It produces a signal which induces collide of the ion with each other. This water softener allows the calcium to grow until the surface charge of the calcium become negligible so it losses its ability to bind with more ions.
This form of water softener contains two tanks for the softening of water. It provides efficient and proper softening of water compared to the other water softener system.
Most of the people don’t know the difference between the water softener and water purifier. As you know that water softener only removes the salts of the calcium and magnesium from the water and don't deal with the other types of the impurities whereas water purifier removes or reduces the TDS level along with the other types of the water impurities such as microbial contamination and etc.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Master In Biotechnology